عنوان مقاله [English]
To obtain the displacements of a tunnel is one of the major issues in the tunnel. In this paper, using the finite difference and finite element methods and measurements data, new relationships are presented between the 2-D and 3-D deformation of a tunnel. This comparison was performed between competent rock and jointed rock mass where different results are considerable. Empirical, numerical and analytical methods are regarded as different tools for design of tunnel. Nowadays, due to the advancement of technology, limitation on surface spaces, and political and security issues, many developed and developing countries focus on constructing underground structures for civil and military applications. Underground road and highways, tunnels, urban subway networks, power plants, nuclear waste repositories, oil reservoirs, shelters, and warehouses are structures which are rapidly under construction in different countries. It should be noted that these achievements have been made over a long time, accompanied by different problems. In order to predict the displacement of a tunnel with regard to its 2-D deformation, the new equations are proposed in this paper in 3-D case that can be employed. Due to the fact that in many numerical analyses, modeling is done in 2-D case, the relationships presented in this article can be real results. According to the results of the various analyses of intact rock mass, displacement of tunnel in 3-D is less than that in the 2-D case. But, in the jointed rock mass the displacement of tunnel in 2-D is less than that in the 3-D case. The results of this research have been verified by tunnel of Gavoshan's dam. After comparing and analyzing the results, relationships have been proposed for the coloration between 2-D and 3-D in intact rock mass and jointed rock mass. The solved examples give reasonable and acceptable results.