عنوان مقاله [English]
A shear band is a narrow zone of intense shearing strain within a largely unsheared matrix. During the shear band formation, relative tangential displacement of blocks of material on two sides of the band is occurred. Width of this region varies from a few to hundreds of microns. Despite of infinitesimal width of the band, its relative tangential deformation may extends to several centimeters and may even lead to macroscopic influences on the medium.
In this paper a new method for modeling of shear band is presented. A bifurcation analysis is used to detect the onset of localization in an element and to determine the geometry of the localized deformation modes. So a computational procedure is discussed for detecting the onset of localization and determining the localization directions and the shear band path. A zero thickness element is utilized to simulate the slip surface in the shear band.
Plane strain condition is assumed in numerical simulations and elasto-plastic finite element method is used in analysis.
When the onset of localization is detected, the zero thickness element is added to the shear band path which closely reproduces the shear band response. The proposed methodology is applied in two numerical examples and the results are compared with the other existing methods which demonstrate the ability of the method to resolve the geometry of localized failure modes and reproduce the shear band response.
The first example is a simple shear problem which includes a rectangular solid with fixed supports in its bottom, subjected to uniform shear deformation on the upper boundary. The second example is a slope failure problem which includes a downward displacement is applied on the middle of a rigid block on the top of a slope. The shear band path and the force-displacement curves are plotted for both examples and they have good agreement with the reported results.