عنوان مقاله [English]
Shear modulus and damping ratio are two most important dynamic parameters for
seismic design of structures. Several attempts have been made to determine and
study these two dynamic parameters using field and laboratory experiments.
Sample disturbance is one of the reasons for the discrepancy between laboratory
and in situ dynamic parameter test results. Failure to heed the effects of
reconstituting on the dynamic parameters of soil under dynamic laboratory tests
and analysis may cause serious damage. Hence, it is necessary to recognize the
dynamic behavior of materials by conducting dynamic tests on cored materials
and comparing the results with those of reconstituted specimen.In this research, the dynamic behavior of soil in small strains was studied by performing a resonant column test on cored and reconstituted samples. The core sample used in this study is clayey sand with high plasticity and the reconstitution of samples was carried out using the moist tamping method. Then, core sample in the dry condition and reconstituted samples in dry and moist conditions were subjected to resonant column test according to the ASTMD4015 standard under isotropic and anisotropic consolidated stresses of 150, 300, 500 and 700 KPa. The effects of consolidation stress, reconstitution, moisture, and anisotropic consolidated stress condition were studied by using the shear modulus and damping ratio versus shear strain diagrams. Furthermore, the damping ratio of the samples was determined by both free vibration decay and half power bandwidth method and the effect of calculation method was studied as well. The results of the study indicated that by increasing the consolidation stress, the shear modulus and damping ratio increased and decreased, respectively. Also, reconstituting reduced the shear modulus, but the variation of damping ratio versus shear strain for cored and reconstituted samples was negligible. Comparison of diagrams in dry and moist reconstituted samples showed that moisture could significantly reduce the shear modulus, but did not affect the damping ratio. Anisotropic condition might also cause increase in shear modulus. The damping ratio calculated from the half power bandwidth method was more than that obtained from free vibration decay in all samples.