عنوان مقاله [English]
Traffic accidents between two cars when overtaking on undivided rural roads is considered as one of the unpredictable events. This reduces the safety of these roads and causes severe head-to-head accidents or deviations. It can be overwhelming with appropriate suggestions and solutions to reduce the interaction between the two cars and reduce the number of drivers' accidents and fatalities. In this study, we tried to identify the effective factors, especially the natural behavior of driver’s on the overtaking process. In order to collect the required information, in 6 undivided rural roads in the northern province of the Iran (Mazandaran province) were selected as the study site and were selected from thirty participants were used for driving and were also studied using three in-car cameras, which examined the conditions from a driver's perspective from multiple angles and all factors related to high-performance driver performance .Finally, by examining 34 Factors the participants driving behavior from video x-ray and data extraction from camera film, 327 inter-vehicle interactions were recorded. By analyzing the recorded videos, the data for each variable were recorded as numeric codes in Excel software. After data collection, the dual logit model In SPSS software used because of the bi-directionality of the target variable (Overtaking or not overtaking). Prior to data modeling, the dependent variables were examined and the related variables were removed from the modeling process. Next, the data were modeled in three simultaneous, forward and backward methods and by evaluating the models, the concurrent model was selected as the best model for the obtained data. Accuracy of 89% in this study showed that male gender, driving distance and listening to music increase the chances of overtaking drivers. Also distance to front vehicle, driver-talk time, vehicle speed, poor pavement surface and lack of knowledge of safety in overtaking time reduced the likelihood of overtaking.