عنوان مقاله [English]
The simplest soil improvement processes are compaction and drainage. Other processes include improving the gradation of particle size and adding binders to weak soils. There are various treatment techniques available to improve the condition of poor or unstable ground by altering the nature of the soil in-situ. These methods are used when replacement of the in-situ soil is impractical because of physical limitations, environmental concerns, or is too costly. Biogrout is a new method in geotechnical problems and can induce soil improvement on microbial induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP). Biogrout may provide new opportunities for cost-effective and environmentally friendly processes. Bacteria produce the urease enzyme. This enzyme converts urea into ammonium and carbonate; finally producing calcium carbonate. The calcium carbonate forms a bridge between the sand grains, which increases the strength of the soil. In this study, the Sporosarcina pasteurii bacteria were utilized, an aerobic bacterium which exists pervasive in natural soil deposits, in order to control silica sand erosion. An XRD test was performed to evaluate the calcium carbonate precipitation. Erodibility parameters were obtained by erosion function apparatus (EFA). The test result consists of the erosion rate versus shear stress curve, and the slop of the curve is the erodibility coefficient, which represents the resistance of soil to erosion.Bacterial optical density (OD600) was 1($8\times10^7$ cell/ml) and cementation included 0.5 M urea and 0.5 M urea and 0.5 M calcium carbonate in all of samples. Bacteria and cementation were separately injected in soil and saturated for 24 hours, then, drained from the soil. The effect of aeration in the bacteria and cementation saturated in soil was investigated and results show that the sample with aeration decreased the erodibility coefficient twice as much as the sample without aeration. A repeat of grouting was investigated too and a reduction of erodibility coefficient was observed up to 95\% for sample D (bacteria and cementation were injected twice at an interval of 5 days) Consequently, biogrouting for is shown to have an appropriate performance in the control of sand erosion and can be used in the control of pier, contraction and abutment scour.