Comparing the Twist-off results and the CEB-FIP MODEL CODE standard to evaluate the adhesion of mortar/steel and provide a correction coefficient

Document Type : Research Note


F‌a‌c‌u‌l‌t‌y o‌f T‌e‌c‌h‌n‌i‌c‌a‌l a‌n‌d C‌i‌v‌i‌l E‌n‌g‌i‌n‌e‌e‌r‌i‌n‌g I‌m‌a‌m K‌h‌o‌m‌e‌i‌n‌i I‌n‌t‌e‌r‌n‌a‌t‌i‌o‌n‌a‌l U‌n‌i‌v‌e‌r‌s‌i‌t‌y


In most buildings, concrete and steel are used side by side, and according to the type of loads, various stresses are created at their interface. When the repair layer is in direct contact with the steel or reinforcement, the stresses caused by the shrinkage of the mortars as well as temperature changes have a negative effect on the adhesion between the repair mortar and the steel. According to the CEB-FIP MODEL CODE standard, the shear adhesion between mortar and simple reinforcement is equal to τ=0.3√(fc). But it has not provided conditions to consider the type of implementation. Considering that shrinkage causes shear stresses at the interface of mortar and steel, therefore, in this article, by using the in-situ twist-off test, the shear adhesion strength between mortar and plain steel has been evaluated under different processing conditions. The results of the twist-off test show that the above equation is used if the sample is under processing until the moment of the test, otherwise there will be a big drop in the amount of adhesion, which even reaches 50%. The results of the shear adhesion strength obtained from the twist-off test for the samples that were processed in water until the time of the test, at a young age are almost equal to the equation provided by the CEB-FIP Model Code standard. At older ages, the shear bond strength results from the twist-off test between mortar and steel are on average more than 10% higher than the equation provided by the CEB-FIP Model Code standard. For the samples that were processed for a week and then left in the open space, it is observed that there is a big difference between the shear adhesion strength obtained from the twist-off test and the equation provided by the CEB-FIP Model Code standard. For practical cases where processing is usually done for about seven days, it is suggested that the shear adhesion strength between steel and mortar is measured for samples that have been subjected to wet processing for at least one week and prepared and stored under appropriate conditions. According to the equation, τ=0.15√(fc) should be considered. The amount of 90-day shrinkage for mortar treated in water and left in open space is 0.1083 and 0.2679%, respectively. The amount of shrinkage for mortar processed in water is 59% less than the shrinkage of mortar left in the open space.


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