عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent years, micro tunneling method has been developed quickly in comparison to other open excavation methods. Micro tunneling is a method for installing the pipelines, channels and underground conduits.In recent years, micro tunneling method has been developed quickly compared to other open excavation methods. In this method, hydraulic jacks are used for pipe driving with a special design. The pipes are placed behind the excavation drill, driven into the ground along with the ground excavation simultaneously. The result of this method is a flexible, impermeable and resistant structure construction pipelines. The micro tunneling method reduces the requirement number of transporting materials for operation activities and the machines traffic and devices. Too As a result, its events are reduced. According to this method, almost all the activities are performed underground. Hence, the negligible interferences are occurred with environment. Thus, the amount of environmental deterioration is very low. In some cases, performing the operation, increases the negative effects of vibrations from pipe driving and causes the problems such as settlements or swelling (heaving) of the ground surface. Upon analysis, some parameters have more influences rather than others, and some of them could be ignored due to low importance in the model. Therefore, investigating the effect of various independent parameters is important, i.e. sensitive analysis. The aim of this study is to compare the actual deformations occurred in ground surface due to behavior survey with the values of numerical modeling. In addition, this study aims to investigate the effect of various parameters on soil settlement values.