نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
پژوهشگاه بینالمللی زلزلهشناسی و مهندسی زلزله
عنوان مقاله [English]
Torsion has been recognized as a main failure mode in past earthquakes. One efficient method of reducing earthquake effects is the application of energy dissipation devices, such as dampers. Friction dampers are among the simplest energy dissipation devices. Although there is much research on the use of friction dampers in symmetric buildings, there are fewer studies reported on asymmetric buildings. Results of those limited past studies show that the performance of friction dampers in the control of torsion in asymmetric structures is considerable. The aim of this investigation is to determine effective parameters and their range of effective values for torsional control of asymmetric buildings by friction dampers. For this purpose, steel buildings have been modeled and analyzed by OpenSees. The asymmetric buildings in this study are assumed to be classified as mass eccentric buildings. These models are symmetric, with respect to stiffness and strength distribution, and their eccentricity is due to their asymmetric mass distribution. Different levels of mass eccentricity are considered in parametric studies. Damper placements are investigated to identify their optimum distribution in having the argest effect in reducing the adverse effect of torsion in asymmetric buildings. The characteristics of friction dampers are also changed to cover a wide range of realistic values. Also, considered in parametric studies, are the properties of braces, which are connected to the friction dampers. The effects of these parameters have been evaluated, not only in optimum placement, but, also, in the value of the slip load of friction dampers. The results show that the use of resulted optimum distribution and the recommended characteristics of friction dampers can control torsion in asymmetric buildings.