عنوان مقاله [English]
The 2500 to 2600 years old bisotun epigraph is one of the most important traditional monuments of the Hakhamaneshi period, which is located 30km from Kermanshah. This epigraph has been subjected to various damaging factors, such as surface erosion due to water flow, ground water dissolution, weathering and rock block instability. Regarding the important role of water flow in creating damage, the hydromechanical effects on the bisotun epigraph have been studied in this paper. Rock mass hydromechanical coupling behavior depends on various parameters; stress conditions, rock modulus of elasticity, joint shear and normal stiffness and joint dilation, which are at the center of this study.
According to the results of this study, heterogeneity is one of the most significant factors in the hydraulic and mechanical properties of rock mass. Fracture density, mechanical properties and stress conditions are also
One of the subjects studied and discussed in this paper is the best method of lessening fractures and cracks around the epigraph. According to investigations, the best method of improving fractures is injection. In this
regard, hydromechanical coupling behavior related to borehole injection is studied. According to the importance and historical value of this epigraph, injection into the rock mass around the epigraph must be done with high quality and accuracy. One of the most important injection factors in this project is pressure, which must be fully under control, and whose value must be evaluated by numerical analysis, because high injection pressure will cause serious damage to this historical epigraph. In this regard hydromechanical behavior due to injection is studied in this paper, and the specifications and limitations of injection pressure are evaluated. A basic discussion evaluated in this paper is the control of injection pressure in such a range as to prevent hydraulic fracturing, and, in the last part of the paper, we have tried to study and evaluate hydromechanical behavior due to injection, such that hydraulic fracturing does not occur.