عنوان مقاله [English]
A study of shear strength and compressibility characteristics of soils considering anisotropy phenomenon is essential to the accurate design of foundations and stability analysis of earth structures. The directional dependency of physical and mechanical behavior of soil is referred as anisotropy phenomenon. The sedimentation process in soil formation arranges the soil particles in a special direction, known as the bedding direction. Due to this pattern, changing loading direction relative to stratification changes the soil behavior, which is known as inherent anisotropy. On other hand, the construction of high-rise buildings has developed at the north and northwest of Tabriz city. Subsurface materials of this area have formed from yellow and olivaceous marl. With regard to the construction of building foundations and the necessity of stability of excavations in this area, it is the most important characteristics of these soils with considering anisotropic behavior. In this research, a series of triaxial tests were conducted to evaluate the
mechanical behavior of a fine-grained soil and the effect of inherent anisotropy on the behavior of fine-grained soils located in Negin-Park and Marzdaran regions in Tabriz city. To this end, a special soil sampler was designed to coring soil with capability in different directions. Then, cylindrical triaxial samples were prepared with 38 mm in diameter and 76 mm in height and saturated by passing distilled water and applying back pressure up to the B-value of 0.97. The samples finally were isotropically consolidated under effective stresses of 200, 300 and 500 kPa, and loaded at a rate of 0.05 mm/min. The results showed that the shear strength and compressibility of the samples intensively depend on the sampling direction so that the shear strength and pore water pressure reach the minimum and maximum values at a given anisotropy angle, respectively. The reason for this behavior can be related to change failure surface as compared with bedding orientation.