عنوان مقاله [English]
Todays, modern materials are widely used for construction of various structural
elements such as beams, plates, shell and the other elements. One of these
modern materials is functionally graded materials (FGMs). The uses of these
materials are due to their mechanical properties and thermal conductivity.
During the two past decades structural elements made from these materials have
received wide applications in aerospace, mechanical and civil engineering.
Material properties of the functionally graded materials vary continuously from
metal on one surface to ceramic on the other surface. The distribution makes
these materials applicable in different fields of engineering, especially in
environments subjected to high thermal change. For obtaining the governing
equations of the structural elements different theories of elasticity can be
used. For solving the problems different analytical, numerical and semi-analytical methods can be applied. Among the numerical methods finite element, finite difference, finite volume, differential quadrature and the other methods may be used for solving the problems. The differential quadrature (DQ) method is an accurate, efficient and robust numerical solver with low computational cost. The DQ method has been used for solving free vibration, dynamic analysis and so on. This method can be used for solving structural elements alone or in conjunction with the other analytical or numerical methods. In this study, the method is used for free vibration analysis of functionally graded beams on two parameter elastic foundation. The elastic foundation has linear and shearing layers. The governing equations are derived based on the first order shear deformation theory (FSDT). The governing equations and the related boundary conditions are discretized using the DQ method. Then by employing method of separation of variables, the obtained equations are transferred from temporal domain to frequency domain and the frequency of the beam is calculated. Applicability, rapid rate of convergence and accuracy of the proposed method are demonstrated via solving some examples. Influences of different parameters such as linear and shearing layers, boundary conditions and height-to-length ratio on frequency of the beams are investigated.