تحلیل عوامل موثر بر بهره وری منابع انسانی در سازمان های پروژه محور با رویکرد سیستم های پویا

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی ارشد مدیریت پروژه

چکیده

رشد و بلوغ سازمان‌های پروژه محور در گرو موفقیت پروژه‌ها است و موفقیت پروژه‌ها به بهره وری منابع بستگی دارد. بهره‌وری متغیری پویا است و بسته به شرایط پروژه و تصمیمات مدیریتی در طول پروژه، تغییر می‌کند. این مقاله عوامل موثر بر بهره وری در سطح پروژه را بررسی می کند. عوامل موثر بر بهره وری و روابط پیچیده با مطالعات میدانی و کتابخانه‌ای شناسایی و سپس با استفاده از سیستم-های پویا، مدل شدند. پس از ایجاد ساختار، عوامل موثر بر بهره وری در سطح پروژه در 5 دسته کلی شامل کارایی مدیریت پروژه، ایمنی کارگاهی، سیاست‌های منابع انسانی، سیاست ها‌ی انگیزشی و سیاست‌های کیفیتی گروه بندی و آنالیز شدند. ارزیابی نتایج پیاده سازی مدل دینامیکی روی یک پروژه واقعی نشان داد که مدیریت پروژه جهت افزایش بهره وری در سطح سازمان‌های پروژه محور، بیشترین تأثیر را دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Factors Affecting Human Resources Productivity in Project-oriented Organizations with Dynamic Systems Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • majid parchamijalal 1
  • Esmaeil Amini Zadeh 2
1 Department of Architecture University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 M.A. Student in Project management and construction, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Human resources play a very important part in the

life cycle of the project. In fact, projects are

created, executed and exploited by humans, so

humans play a major role in projects. Effective

human resources management in project-riven

organizations plays a major role in the success of

the organization and project

The cost of human workforce in construction

projects with high manpower is about 30-50% of

total project costs. While power costs are more risky than

other items, such as materials and equipment, but

with proper management, the cost of this part of

the project can be reduced. In large projects with

a large number of workers, the project profit limit

is generally between 2% and 3% of the total

project cost. While workforce costs are more

risky than other items, such as materials and

equipment, but with proper management, the cost

of this part of the project can be reduced

Achieving an optimal level of productivity is

effective in the success of the organization. Low

or high productivity in the project is not the result

of a variable or an agent, but rather a set of factors

that interact to achieve the final result. Such

complexity requires a comprehensive study of the

factors in order to understand the individual

factors and interactions between them

The growth and maturity of project-oriented organizations depends on the success of the

projects, and the success of the projects depends on the resource productivity. Productivity

is a dynamic variable, and varies depending on project conditions and management

decisions throughout the project. This paper examines the factors affecting productivity at

the project level. Factors affecting productivity and complex relationships were identified

with field studies and library research, and then modeled using dynamic systems. After

creating the structure of model, the factors affecting productivity at the project level were

grouped and analyzed in five general categories including project management

productivity, work safety policies, human resources management policies, motivational

policies, and quality policies. The evaluation of the results showed that project

management has the greatest impact in increasing the productivity in project-oriented

organizations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • productivity
  • dynamic system
  • human resources
  • Project-Oriented Organizations. Construction Projects