عنوان مقاله [English]
Despite the knowledge of steel shear wall for many years, not much attention was paid to it. steel shear wall has received attention and is expanding rapidly. Steel shear walls without stiffeners and with stiffeners have been used in America in recent years. This system is 50% cheaper compared to the bending frame. After the events of September 11, a number of scientists were thinking of creating resistant and impervious structures against explosive and seismic loads economically by combining this system and the concrete shear wall system. Steel shear walls are easier to implement. Also, the accuracy of doing the work is at the level of normal executions, and by observing it, the reliability coefficient is many times higher than other types of systems. The execution speed of steel shear walls is high, and because of this, the execution costs are reduced. Also, the efficiency of the shear wall system is more and more suitable than all the advantages of centralized bracing systems such as X and V shape and off-center steel bracing system. The resistance against the overturning anchor caused by the lateral loads and the horizontal load of the floor is the most important task of the steel shear wall. The constituent members of the steel shear wall system include a steel plate wall, two boundary columns and a floor horizontal beam. Also, the horizontal beams of the floor are used as transverse stiffeners in the sheet beam. The goal of centralizing the steel shear wall system is that the beams and columns remain in the elastic range. In this article, five, ten, and twenty-story buildings with steel shear walls were designed using the strip equivalent brace method in ETABS, then seven acceleration maps far from the fault were selected and scaled and modeled in ABAQUS software. The five-class model was compared with the non-centralized model. According to the results of the push-over analysis of the five-story steel shear wall model, the beams and columns remained in the elastic range in the self-centering model, and according to the hysteresis obtained from the push-over analysis of the steel shear wall, they have more energy consumption. The results showed that the drift and maximum drift and maximum displacement and the ratio of the maximum acceleration value of the roof to the acceleration of the selected records in the self-centering steel shear wall have increased compared to the non self-centering ones.