نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 گروه اقتصاد، مؤسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت و برنامه ریزی
2 گروه اقتصاد- مؤسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت و برنامه ریزی
3 گروه حمل و نقل، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
4 گروه اقتصاد، مؤسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت برنامه ریزی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Urban transportation and traffic has become a major problem for all citizens, particularly in metropolitan areas. Improving the urban transport infrastructure, regarding the growth of population and the private fleet, seems no longer adequate. Therefore, transportation demand management has become of great importance in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to compare fuel consumption management strategies in urban transport, in Iran, based on a quantitative scoring methodology.Thus, first, strategies for managing fuel consumption in urban transport (13 titles) and policies for each strategy (44 cases) in 14 countries are identified and classified in three groups (fleet, transportation management, and fuel). Then, policies are scored and prioritized, employing the ideal point methodology (Minkawsky distance analysis), results of which show that the top 3 strategies are: the development of public transit (especially rail), the expansion of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and energy sources development.With this distance analysis, all 44 policies evaluated are classified into 27 equivalent categories. The four top policies are: expanding the public network, developing and applying ITS and traffic control and management for reducing congestion and fuel consumption, improving access to public transport and its services, and development and investment in renewable energies (solar, bio, ...). The results of this study seem to be highly consistent with expertise arbitrations and can be considered with good credit.Comparing the prioritization output with current policies in Iranian metropolises shows that the only common strategy is to develop public transport, and its two subset policies (expanding the public network and Government subsidies to public transport systems). Other superior suggested alternatives are neglected, which can be due to incorrect, or at least incomplete, problem definition.