عنوان مقاله [English]
Successful use of geosynthetics is ensured in a given geotechnical application, as it is not only compatible, but also effective in improving the soil properties when appropriately placed. This study investigates the behavior of unreinforced and reinforced sandy soil with nonwoven geotextile using CBR tests. The soil used, has poor CBR value due to its low compaction and moisture percent. In a series of tests, Geotextile is placed in various depths from the top of samples. The effect of thickness of dense layer (with 97\% compaction) on the soft subgrade is also investigated, and the results are compared with reinforced condition. To study the effect of embedment depth of reinforcement, the geotextile layer is placed in depths of 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 cm from
the top of the sample. Furthermore, a comparison between reinforced samples with one layer and two layers of geotextile is done. The results of the CBR tests demonstrate clearly considerable amount of increase in CBR value of soil with geotextile reinforcement. It is also shown that the maximum increase in CBR value is obtained when one layer of geotextile is placed at depth of 1.5 cm. The rate of increase in CBR value was reduced with increase in the placement depth of reinforcement layer. The thicker dense layer leads to more increase in CBR. In the same density and thickness of the replaced soil layer, the highest increase in the CBR value was achieved when the sample was reinforced by two layers of geotextile. To achieve a specified design CBR value, using less depth of replaced soil layer in the reinforced subgrade is possible as compared with unreinforced subgrade. For example, using a depth of 1.5 cm and 3 cm of replaced soil, CBR value equaling 6 is achieved for reinforced and unreinforced subgrades, respectively. Although the replacement of compacted soil layer or the use of reinforcement layer could increase the bearing capacity, achieving a certain capacity needs to consider the details of economic issues and performance limits.